This design is in accordance with BS 5268-2:2002 Structural use of timber - Part 2: Code of practice for permissible stress design, materials and workmanship and BS 5268-7.6:1990 Structural use of timber - Section 7.6 Purlins supporting rafters.
The major axis of the purlin is perpendicular to the rafter slope.
The horizontal thrust at the eaves is assumed to be transmitted by the ceiling joists to the complimentary rafter.
These calculations conservatively assume that the rafters are continuous over the purlin, however, the rafters may consist of shorter lengths joined at the purlin.
The depth to width ratio of the timber does not exceed 5 and as per the requirements of BS 5268-2 Table 19 there is no risk of buckling under design load provided; The ends are held in position and compression edge held in line, as by direct connection of sheathing, deck or joists.
Timber to be covered, this calculation is not to be used for timber which is fully exposed to the elements.
Wane as allowed in BS 4978:2007 + A2:2017 is permitted.